The stable operation of conventional power systems greatly depends on coherent impedances of the bulk power networks' elements. However, penetration of inverter interfaced distributed generation (IIDG) units put the stability of modern power systems into a risk due the vague and arbitrary output impedance of IIDG units. Besides, the impedance specification of IIDGs can only be established by means of a virtual impedance loop, which needs extra control efforts also imposes voltage drops. Especially, the virtual impedance depends on the output current and cannot be thus freely adjusted. To this end, an optimal voltage regulator (OVR) is proposed for controlling IIDG units to achieve a free/wide range of impedance shaping. The OVR facilitates the optimal impedance shaping based on the control requirement and grid's impedance characteristics, which makes the IIDG units consistent with the power network thus contributing to stabilizing modern power systems. The OVR's control system is based on the state feedback control and the impedance shaping is achieved through an appropriate feedback gain adjustment process. Simulation results prove the effectiveness of the method to achieve the desired impedance shaping.

Optimal Voltage Regulator for Inverter Interfaced Distributed Generation Units Part І: Control System

Siano P.;
2020-01-01

Abstract

The stable operation of conventional power systems greatly depends on coherent impedances of the bulk power networks' elements. However, penetration of inverter interfaced distributed generation (IIDG) units put the stability of modern power systems into a risk due the vague and arbitrary output impedance of IIDG units. Besides, the impedance specification of IIDGs can only be established by means of a virtual impedance loop, which needs extra control efforts also imposes voltage drops. Especially, the virtual impedance depends on the output current and cannot be thus freely adjusted. To this end, an optimal voltage regulator (OVR) is proposed for controlling IIDG units to achieve a free/wide range of impedance shaping. The OVR facilitates the optimal impedance shaping based on the control requirement and grid's impedance characteristics, which makes the IIDG units consistent with the power network thus contributing to stabilizing modern power systems. The OVR's control system is based on the state feedback control and the impedance shaping is achieved through an appropriate feedback gain adjustment process. Simulation results prove the effectiveness of the method to achieve the desired impedance shaping.
2020
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4757726
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