Decentralised droop-like control method is the most favourable control system for power converter-based microgrids (MGs). In conventional V-Q droop loops, reactive power sharing is used as a means of voltage regulation to prevent currents from circulating among distributed generation units. However, since the voltage is not a global variable, reactive power sharing is not implemented precisely, and thus converters may be exposed to overcurrent conditions and the stability of the MGs is put at risk. Besides, the droop-like reactive power sharing causes voltage deviations and power quality issues. This study proposes a novel control method which is able to implement accurate reactive power sharing and voltage regulation to its nominal band in a networked MG. Both the control targets are achieved, fast and simultaneously, by only one control signal. So the requirement of a secondary controller for voltage restoration is obviated. A novel power flow-based method is proposed to estimate the voltage at the MG main bus, which is adopted as a common variable, thus making the proposed method decentralised. The presented method is fast, effective and applicable to networked MGs with arbitrary topology. Simulation results prove the effectiveness and superiority of the proposed method over existing methods.

Simultaneous reactive power sharing and voltage regulation in an autonomous networked microgrid

Siano, Pierluigi;
2020-01-01

Abstract

Decentralised droop-like control method is the most favourable control system for power converter-based microgrids (MGs). In conventional V-Q droop loops, reactive power sharing is used as a means of voltage regulation to prevent currents from circulating among distributed generation units. However, since the voltage is not a global variable, reactive power sharing is not implemented precisely, and thus converters may be exposed to overcurrent conditions and the stability of the MGs is put at risk. Besides, the droop-like reactive power sharing causes voltage deviations and power quality issues. This study proposes a novel control method which is able to implement accurate reactive power sharing and voltage regulation to its nominal band in a networked MG. Both the control targets are achieved, fast and simultaneously, by only one control signal. So the requirement of a secondary controller for voltage restoration is obviated. A novel power flow-based method is proposed to estimate the voltage at the MG main bus, which is adopted as a common variable, thus making the proposed method decentralised. The presented method is fast, effective and applicable to networked MGs with arbitrary topology. Simulation results prove the effectiveness and superiority of the proposed method over existing methods.
2020
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4764964
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