This paper presents the results of a pilot study of difficult-to-treat patients (exhibiting several previous treatment failures or detection of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase [ESBL] strains) with chronic bacterial prostatitis (CBP) who underwent treatment with fosfomycin trometamol (FT) and N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC). Twenty-eight patients with clinically- and microbiologically-confirmed CBP who attended a single urological institution between January 2018 and March 2019 were treated with oral administration of 3 g FT once a day for 2 days, followed by a dose of 3 g every 48 h for 2 weeks, in combination with oral administration of NAC 600 mg once a day for 2 weeks. Clinical and microbiological analyses were carried out at the time of admission (T0) and during follow-up at 1 month (T1) and 6 months (T2) after the end of treatment. Symptoms were assessed by the National Institutes of Health Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index (NIH-CPSI) and International Prostatic Symptom Score (IPSS), and quality of life was assessed by Quality of Well-Being (QoL) questionnaires. Isolated strains were Escherichia coli (23 patients), Enterococcus spp. (3 patients), and Klebsiella oxytoca (2 patients). ESBL strain was found in 19 (67.8%) patients. Microbiological eradication was documented in 21 (75%) patients at the second follow-up visit and clinical cure was achieved in 20 (71.4%) patients. Significant changes on questionnaires were recorded between baseline and follow-up visits. Fifteen of 19 patients (78.9%) with ESBL strains were cured. No significant side effects were reported. FT in combination with NAC is a promising alternative therapy in difficult-to-treat CBP patients.

Fosfomycin trometamol and N-acetyl-L-cysteine as combined oral therapy of difficult-to-treat chronic bacterial prostatitis: Results of a pilot study

Verze P.;
2020

Abstract

This paper presents the results of a pilot study of difficult-to-treat patients (exhibiting several previous treatment failures or detection of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase [ESBL] strains) with chronic bacterial prostatitis (CBP) who underwent treatment with fosfomycin trometamol (FT) and N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC). Twenty-eight patients with clinically- and microbiologically-confirmed CBP who attended a single urological institution between January 2018 and March 2019 were treated with oral administration of 3 g FT once a day for 2 days, followed by a dose of 3 g every 48 h for 2 weeks, in combination with oral administration of NAC 600 mg once a day for 2 weeks. Clinical and microbiological analyses were carried out at the time of admission (T0) and during follow-up at 1 month (T1) and 6 months (T2) after the end of treatment. Symptoms were assessed by the National Institutes of Health Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index (NIH-CPSI) and International Prostatic Symptom Score (IPSS), and quality of life was assessed by Quality of Well-Being (QoL) questionnaires. Isolated strains were Escherichia coli (23 patients), Enterococcus spp. (3 patients), and Klebsiella oxytoca (2 patients). ESBL strain was found in 19 (67.8%) patients. Microbiological eradication was documented in 21 (75%) patients at the second follow-up visit and clinical cure was achieved in 20 (71.4%) patients. Significant changes on questionnaires were recorded between baseline and follow-up visits. Fifteen of 19 patients (78.9%) with ESBL strains were cured. No significant side effects were reported. FT in combination with NAC is a promising alternative therapy in difficult-to-treat CBP patients.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4769595
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 4
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 3
social impact