The integration of wind energy systems (WECS) into the power grid through power electronic converters should ensure the high performance of the control system. In spite of several advantages of conventional Finite control set‐model predictive controller (FCS‐MPC), variable switching frequency and high computational burden are considered its main drawbacks. In this paper, a fast FCS‐MPC of a machine side converter (MSC) of direct‐driven permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) based wind turbines for wind energy conversion system is proposed. The wind energy conversion system has been realized using a direct driven PMSG and a full‐scale back‐toback power converter. The proposed controller is designed to reduce the required calculations in each horizon. In addition, the performance of conventional FCS‐MPC is compared with the proposed method, and an improvement in total harmonic distortion spectra and simulation time required even when imposing a lower sampling frequency was found. To overcome the variable switching frequency problem, a modulation algorithm is introduced in the minimization process of modulated FCS‐MPC. To keep the proposed system attached to the utility during a fault, a coordinated pitch angle control and low voltage‐ride through (LVRT) algorithm is designed and inserted in the vector control of the grid side converter (GSC) to supply reactive power to the grid during fault for ensuring safe operation of the inverter and meeting the grid code requirements. The effectiveness of the proposed controller is illustrated using simulation results under different operating conditions.

Novel switching frequency fcs‐mpc of pmsg for grid‐connected wind energy conversion system with coordinated low voltage ride through

Siano P.;
2021-01-01

Abstract

The integration of wind energy systems (WECS) into the power grid through power electronic converters should ensure the high performance of the control system. In spite of several advantages of conventional Finite control set‐model predictive controller (FCS‐MPC), variable switching frequency and high computational burden are considered its main drawbacks. In this paper, a fast FCS‐MPC of a machine side converter (MSC) of direct‐driven permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) based wind turbines for wind energy conversion system is proposed. The wind energy conversion system has been realized using a direct driven PMSG and a full‐scale back‐toback power converter. The proposed controller is designed to reduce the required calculations in each horizon. In addition, the performance of conventional FCS‐MPC is compared with the proposed method, and an improvement in total harmonic distortion spectra and simulation time required even when imposing a lower sampling frequency was found. To overcome the variable switching frequency problem, a modulation algorithm is introduced in the minimization process of modulated FCS‐MPC. To keep the proposed system attached to the utility during a fault, a coordinated pitch angle control and low voltage‐ride through (LVRT) algorithm is designed and inserted in the vector control of the grid side converter (GSC) to supply reactive power to the grid during fault for ensuring safe operation of the inverter and meeting the grid code requirements. The effectiveness of the proposed controller is illustrated using simulation results under different operating conditions.
2021
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4774665
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