OBJECTIVE: To quantify the annual healthcare resource utilization, costs and mortality rate for a large cohort of Italian patients with compensated (CC) and decompensated cirrhosis (DC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A population-based cohort study was conducted through the data-linkage of mortality for all-cause, hospitalizations and outpatient drugs and service databases of the Campania Region. All adults hospitalized with cirrhosis diagnosis (2007-2015) were grouped in CC and DC (prevalent patients) on January 1, 2016 and followed for 1-year. Incident patients with DC (2015) were also retrieved and followed from discharge date up to 1-year. Negative binomial regression was used to estimate Incidence Rate Ratios (IRRs) for predictors of all-cause hospitalizations. Costs were evaluated from the Italian National Health Service perspective and expressed in euro patient/year. RESULTS: A total of 21,433 prevalent cirrhotic patients (57.1% CC and 42.9% DC) and 1,371 incident patients with DC were identified. During a 1-year, 21.5% of prevalent patients with CC were admitted for acute events, 26.8% of those with DC and 55.4% of incident patients with DC. Ascites (IRR=1.71;95% CI: 1.37-2.14) and hepatic encephalopathy (IRR=1.35; 95% CI: 1.04-1.77) at index admission were strong predictors of hospitalizations in incident DC patients. The 1-year mortality rate was respectively 5.8% and 10.1% for prevalent patients with CC and DC and 35.6% for incident patients with DC. Direct costs amounted to 3,194€ patient/year for the prevalent CC group and 4,001€ patient/year for the DC group and 13,806 € patient/year for incident individuals with DC. CONCLUSIONS: The burden of cirrhosis dramatically differs between CC and DC patients, especially after the first decompensation episode. Ascites and hepatic encephalopathy at index admission were strong predictors of hospitalizations in incident DC patients.

Burden of compensated and decompensated cirrhosis: Real world data from an Italian population-based cohort study

Cammarota S.;Fogliasecca M.;Rosato V.;Trama U.;Conti V.
2021-01-01

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To quantify the annual healthcare resource utilization, costs and mortality rate for a large cohort of Italian patients with compensated (CC) and decompensated cirrhosis (DC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A population-based cohort study was conducted through the data-linkage of mortality for all-cause, hospitalizations and outpatient drugs and service databases of the Campania Region. All adults hospitalized with cirrhosis diagnosis (2007-2015) were grouped in CC and DC (prevalent patients) on January 1, 2016 and followed for 1-year. Incident patients with DC (2015) were also retrieved and followed from discharge date up to 1-year. Negative binomial regression was used to estimate Incidence Rate Ratios (IRRs) for predictors of all-cause hospitalizations. Costs were evaluated from the Italian National Health Service perspective and expressed in euro patient/year. RESULTS: A total of 21,433 prevalent cirrhotic patients (57.1% CC and 42.9% DC) and 1,371 incident patients with DC were identified. During a 1-year, 21.5% of prevalent patients with CC were admitted for acute events, 26.8% of those with DC and 55.4% of incident patients with DC. Ascites (IRR=1.71;95% CI: 1.37-2.14) and hepatic encephalopathy (IRR=1.35; 95% CI: 1.04-1.77) at index admission were strong predictors of hospitalizations in incident DC patients. The 1-year mortality rate was respectively 5.8% and 10.1% for prevalent patients with CC and DC and 35.6% for incident patients with DC. Direct costs amounted to 3,194€ patient/year for the prevalent CC group and 4,001€ patient/year for the DC group and 13,806 € patient/year for incident individuals with DC. CONCLUSIONS: The burden of cirrhosis dramatically differs between CC and DC patients, especially after the first decompensation episode. Ascites and hepatic encephalopathy at index admission were strong predictors of hospitalizations in incident DC patients.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4779209
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