Objective: To systematically review and evaluate the methodological quality of studies using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) radiomics for cardiac applications. Methods: Multiple medical literature archives (PubMed, Web of Science, and EMBASE) were systematically searched to retrieve original studies focused on cardiac MRI and CT radiomics applications. Two researchers in consensus assessed each investigation using the radiomics quality score (RQS). Subgroup analyses were performed to assess whether the total RQS varied according to study aim, journal quartile, imaging modality, and first author category. Results: From a total of 1961 items, 53 articles were finally included in the analysis. Overall, the studies reached a median total RQS of 7 (IQR, 4–12), corresponding to a percentage score of 19.4% (IQR, 11.1–33.3%). Item scores were particularly low due to lack of prospective design, cost-effectiveness analysis, and open science. Median RQS percentage score was significantly higher in papers where the first author was a medical doctor and in those published on first quartile journals. Conclusions: The overall methodological quality of radiomics studies in cardiac MRI and CT is still lacking. A higher degree of standardization of the radiomics workflow and higher publication standards for studies are required to allow its translation into clinical practice. Key Points: • RQS has been recently proposed for the overall assessment of the methodological quality of radiomics-based studies. • The 53 included studies on cardiac MRI and CT radiomics applications reached a median total RQS of 7 (IQR, 4–12), corresponding to a percentage of 19.4% (IQR, 11.1–33.3%). • A more standardized methodology in the radiomics workflow is needed, especially in terms of study design, validation, and open science, in order to translate the results to clinical applications.

Cardiac CT and MRI radiomics: systematic review of the literature and radiomics quality score assessment

Cuocolo R.
;
De Giorgi M.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Objective: To systematically review and evaluate the methodological quality of studies using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) radiomics for cardiac applications. Methods: Multiple medical literature archives (PubMed, Web of Science, and EMBASE) were systematically searched to retrieve original studies focused on cardiac MRI and CT radiomics applications. Two researchers in consensus assessed each investigation using the radiomics quality score (RQS). Subgroup analyses were performed to assess whether the total RQS varied according to study aim, journal quartile, imaging modality, and first author category. Results: From a total of 1961 items, 53 articles were finally included in the analysis. Overall, the studies reached a median total RQS of 7 (IQR, 4–12), corresponding to a percentage score of 19.4% (IQR, 11.1–33.3%). Item scores were particularly low due to lack of prospective design, cost-effectiveness analysis, and open science. Median RQS percentage score was significantly higher in papers where the first author was a medical doctor and in those published on first quartile journals. Conclusions: The overall methodological quality of radiomics studies in cardiac MRI and CT is still lacking. A higher degree of standardization of the radiomics workflow and higher publication standards for studies are required to allow its translation into clinical practice. Key Points: • RQS has been recently proposed for the overall assessment of the methodological quality of radiomics-based studies. • The 53 included studies on cardiac MRI and CT radiomics applications reached a median total RQS of 7 (IQR, 4–12), corresponding to a percentage of 19.4% (IQR, 11.1–33.3%). • A more standardized methodology in the radiomics workflow is needed, especially in terms of study design, validation, and open science, in order to translate the results to clinical applications.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4782823
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