Richter’s syndrome represents the progression of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) to more aggressive diseases, most frequently diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, while Hodgkin’s lymphoma (HL) and hairy cell leukemia (HCL) are rarely described. The first case involved a 67-year-old man with a diagnosis of a high-risk stage-II CLL treated with rituximab and ibrutinib, developed a HL nodular sclerosis variant after three months of therapy for CLL. After achieving a complete remission for HL and ibrutinib cessation because of drug-related cardiotoxicity, the patient relapsed after five months off-therapy and died due to disease progression after two cycles of brentuximab-vedotin. The second case involved an 83-year-old female with a diagnosis of stage-IV CLL treated with rituximab plus bendamustine who developed a HCL eight years later. Pentostatin was unsuccessfully employed as upfront HCL therapy, and the patient was then switched to rituximab while in remission for CLL. In conclusion, Richter’s transformation risk rate might be higher in patients treated with novel targeted therapies, and multiparametric flow cytometry and lymph node biopsy at relapse could help in early identifying small clones. The treatment of predominant neoplasia is mandatory, and disease-specific drugs are administered; however, clinical efficacy might be lower in these patients.

Hodgkin Lymphoma and Hairy Cell Leukemia Arising from Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia: Case Reports and Literature Review

Giudice V.;Ciancia G.;Gorrese M.;Bertolini A.;Zeppa P.;Serio B.;Selleri C.
2022

Abstract

Richter’s syndrome represents the progression of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) to more aggressive diseases, most frequently diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, while Hodgkin’s lymphoma (HL) and hairy cell leukemia (HCL) are rarely described. The first case involved a 67-year-old man with a diagnosis of a high-risk stage-II CLL treated with rituximab and ibrutinib, developed a HL nodular sclerosis variant after three months of therapy for CLL. After achieving a complete remission for HL and ibrutinib cessation because of drug-related cardiotoxicity, the patient relapsed after five months off-therapy and died due to disease progression after two cycles of brentuximab-vedotin. The second case involved an 83-year-old female with a diagnosis of stage-IV CLL treated with rituximab plus bendamustine who developed a HCL eight years later. Pentostatin was unsuccessfully employed as upfront HCL therapy, and the patient was then switched to rituximab while in remission for CLL. In conclusion, Richter’s transformation risk rate might be higher in patients treated with novel targeted therapies, and multiparametric flow cytometry and lymph node biopsy at relapse could help in early identifying small clones. The treatment of predominant neoplasia is mandatory, and disease-specific drugs are administered; however, clinical efficacy might be lower in these patients.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4803333
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact