Radiomics is rapidly advancing in precision diagnostics and cancer treatment. However, there are several challenges that need to be addressed before translation to clinical use. This study presents an ad-hoc weighted statistical framework to explore radiomic biomarkers for a better characterization of the radiogenomic phenotypes in breast cancer. Thirty-six female patients with breast cancer were enrolled in this study. Radiomic features were extracted from MRI and PET imaging techniques for malignant and healthy lesions in each patient. To reduce within-subject bias, the ratio of radiomic features extracted from both lesions was calculated for each patient. Radiomic features were further normalized, comparing the z-score, quantile, and whitening normalization methods to reduce between-subjects bias. After feature reduction by Spearman’s correlation, a methodological approach based on a principal component analysis (PCA) was applied. The results were compared and validated on twenty-seven patients to investigate the tumor grade, Ki-67 index, and molecular cancer subtypes using classification methods (LogitBoost, random forest, and linear discriminant analysis). The classification techniques achieved high area-under-the-curve values with one PC that was calculated by normalizing the radiomic features via the quantile method. This pilot study helped us to establish a robust framework of analysis to generate a combined radiomic signature, which may lead to more precise breast cancer prognosis.

A Complex Radiomic Signature in Luminal Breast Cancer from a Weighted Statistical Framework: A Pilot Study

Cuocolo, Renato;Pace, Leonardo;
2022

Abstract

Radiomics is rapidly advancing in precision diagnostics and cancer treatment. However, there are several challenges that need to be addressed before translation to clinical use. This study presents an ad-hoc weighted statistical framework to explore radiomic biomarkers for a better characterization of the radiogenomic phenotypes in breast cancer. Thirty-six female patients with breast cancer were enrolled in this study. Radiomic features were extracted from MRI and PET imaging techniques for malignant and healthy lesions in each patient. To reduce within-subject bias, the ratio of radiomic features extracted from both lesions was calculated for each patient. Radiomic features were further normalized, comparing the z-score, quantile, and whitening normalization methods to reduce between-subjects bias. After feature reduction by Spearman’s correlation, a methodological approach based on a principal component analysis (PCA) was applied. The results were compared and validated on twenty-seven patients to investigate the tumor grade, Ki-67 index, and molecular cancer subtypes using classification methods (LogitBoost, random forest, and linear discriminant analysis). The classification techniques achieved high area-under-the-curve values with one PC that was calculated by normalizing the radiomic features via the quantile method. This pilot study helped us to establish a robust framework of analysis to generate a combined radiomic signature, which may lead to more precise breast cancer prognosis.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4804351
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