Considering the ongoing interest in foods rich in nutrients like polyunsaturated fatty acids and bioactive polar lipids, the chemical and biological investigation of Portulaca oleracea (purslane), a herbaceous plant typically appreciated in Mediterranean and Asiatic diet, was carried out. The LC-ESI/HRMS/MSn analysis of extracts and lipid enriched fractions of purslane edible parts provided a comprehensive polar lipid profile, ranging from linear and cyclic oxylipins to high molecular weight lipids including glycolipids, phospholipids and sphingolipids. The evaluation of the anti-inflammatory potential by in vitro reporter gene assays highlighted the ability of purslane lipid enriched fractions, at a concentration of 20 mu g/ml, to inhibit the TNF-alpha-stimulated NF-kB pathway by 30-40% and to activate PPAR-gamma and Nrf2 transcription factors to the same extent or more than the positive control, respectively. Altogether, these results encourage to revalue purslane in human nutrition as a source of bioactive polar lipids.

Portulaca oleracea, a rich source of polar lipids: Chemical profile by LC-ESI/LTQOrbitrap/MS/MSn and in vitro preliminary anti-inflammatory activity

Cannavacciuolo, Ciro;Napolitano, Assunta;Piacente, Sonia
2022

Abstract

Considering the ongoing interest in foods rich in nutrients like polyunsaturated fatty acids and bioactive polar lipids, the chemical and biological investigation of Portulaca oleracea (purslane), a herbaceous plant typically appreciated in Mediterranean and Asiatic diet, was carried out. The LC-ESI/HRMS/MSn analysis of extracts and lipid enriched fractions of purslane edible parts provided a comprehensive polar lipid profile, ranging from linear and cyclic oxylipins to high molecular weight lipids including glycolipids, phospholipids and sphingolipids. The evaluation of the anti-inflammatory potential by in vitro reporter gene assays highlighted the ability of purslane lipid enriched fractions, at a concentration of 20 mu g/ml, to inhibit the TNF-alpha-stimulated NF-kB pathway by 30-40% and to activate PPAR-gamma and Nrf2 transcription factors to the same extent or more than the positive control, respectively. Altogether, these results encourage to revalue purslane in human nutrition as a source of bioactive polar lipids.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4809112
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