Endometrial clear cell carcinoma (CCC) shows morphological overlap with endometrioid and serous carcinoma. We aimed to assess the accuracy of immunohistochemical diagnostic markers of CCC, i.e. HNF1 beta, Napsin A and P504S/Alpha-Methylacyl-CoA Racemase (AMACR). A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted by searching 4 electronic databases from their inception to April 2022 for all studies assessing HNF1 beta, Napsin A and/or AMACR in endometrial CCC vs endometrioid/ serous carcinomas. Diagnostic accuracy was assessed as sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative likelihood ratios (LR+ and LR-), diagnostic odds ratio (DOR) and area under the curve (AUC) on sROC curves. Eleven studies were included. HNF1 beta positivity (any expression) showed sensitivity= 0.78; specificity= 0.81; LR+ =2.46; LR-= 0.38; DOR= 5.96; AUC= 0.79. Diffuse HNF1 beta expression showed sensitivity= 0.53; specificity= 0.95; LR+ =9.68; LR-= 0.51; DOR= 18.02; AUC= 0.40. Napsin A positivity (any expression) showed sensitivity= 0.76; specificity= 0.97; LR+ =18.79; LR-= 0.27; DOR= 73.31; AUC= 0.81. Diffuse Napsin A expression showed sensitivity= 0.52; specificity= 0.99; LR+ =14.50; LR-= 0.55; DOR= 24.93; AUC= 0.98. AMACR positivity (any expression) showed sensitivity= 0.76; specificity= 0.86; LR+ =4.86; LR-= 0.30; DOR= 13.56; AUC was not assessable due to the presence of only 2 studies. In conclusion, HNF1 beta, Napsin A and AMACR show moderate accuracy in identifying endometrial CCC. Considering only a diffuse expression of these markers as positive leads to high specificity but low sensitivity. In particular, Napsin A appears as the most specific marker of endometrial CCC.

Diagnostic accuracy of HNF1β, Napsin A and P504S/Alpha-Methylacyl-CoA Racemase (AMACR) as markers of endometrial clear cell carcinoma

Guida, Maurizio;Mollo, Antonio;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Endometrial clear cell carcinoma (CCC) shows morphological overlap with endometrioid and serous carcinoma. We aimed to assess the accuracy of immunohistochemical diagnostic markers of CCC, i.e. HNF1 beta, Napsin A and P504S/Alpha-Methylacyl-CoA Racemase (AMACR). A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted by searching 4 electronic databases from their inception to April 2022 for all studies assessing HNF1 beta, Napsin A and/or AMACR in endometrial CCC vs endometrioid/ serous carcinomas. Diagnostic accuracy was assessed as sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative likelihood ratios (LR+ and LR-), diagnostic odds ratio (DOR) and area under the curve (AUC) on sROC curves. Eleven studies were included. HNF1 beta positivity (any expression) showed sensitivity= 0.78; specificity= 0.81; LR+ =2.46; LR-= 0.38; DOR= 5.96; AUC= 0.79. Diffuse HNF1 beta expression showed sensitivity= 0.53; specificity= 0.95; LR+ =9.68; LR-= 0.51; DOR= 18.02; AUC= 0.40. Napsin A positivity (any expression) showed sensitivity= 0.76; specificity= 0.97; LR+ =18.79; LR-= 0.27; DOR= 73.31; AUC= 0.81. Diffuse Napsin A expression showed sensitivity= 0.52; specificity= 0.99; LR+ =14.50; LR-= 0.55; DOR= 24.93; AUC= 0.98. AMACR positivity (any expression) showed sensitivity= 0.76; specificity= 0.86; LR+ =4.86; LR-= 0.30; DOR= 13.56; AUC was not assessable due to the presence of only 2 studies. In conclusion, HNF1 beta, Napsin A and AMACR show moderate accuracy in identifying endometrial CCC. Considering only a diffuse expression of these markers as positive leads to high specificity but low sensitivity. In particular, Napsin A appears as the most specific marker of endometrial CCC.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4809916
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