Herein, we present a clinicopathological and molecular analysis of four cases of endometrial carcinoma (EC) diffusely exhibiting dyshesive cells with wide eosinophilic and vacuolated cytoplasm (histiocyte-like tumor cells, HLTCs). We compared these HLTCs to similar cells found in microcystic, elongated and fragmented (MELF) pattern (n = 20) or after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) (n = 5). The four cases were endometrioid, serous, clear cell, and gastric-type; all were at FIGO stage >= III. HLTCs showed an epithelial Mullerian phenotype and at least focal CK20, HNF1 beta, and CK5/6 expression, with aberrant e-cadherin and beta-catenin expression; two cases were MMR-deficient, and one was p53-abnormal; all were POLE wild type. MELF-associated and NAC-associated HLTCs showed similar morphological/immunophenotypical features. However, MELF-associated HLTCs were mainly intraglandular and inflammation-associated, did not form a distinct tumor component, and showed no relationship with lymph node metastases. In conclusion, different histotypes of EC may show a prominent HLTC component, which shows peculiar morphological/immunophenotypical features and appears associated with aggressive behavior.

Endometrial carcinomas with dyshesive, eosinophilic, and vacuolated (histiocyte-like) tumor cells: a reactive-like phenotype associated with aggressive behavior

Mollo, Antonio;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Herein, we present a clinicopathological and molecular analysis of four cases of endometrial carcinoma (EC) diffusely exhibiting dyshesive cells with wide eosinophilic and vacuolated cytoplasm (histiocyte-like tumor cells, HLTCs). We compared these HLTCs to similar cells found in microcystic, elongated and fragmented (MELF) pattern (n = 20) or after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) (n = 5). The four cases were endometrioid, serous, clear cell, and gastric-type; all were at FIGO stage >= III. HLTCs showed an epithelial Mullerian phenotype and at least focal CK20, HNF1 beta, and CK5/6 expression, with aberrant e-cadherin and beta-catenin expression; two cases were MMR-deficient, and one was p53-abnormal; all were POLE wild type. MELF-associated and NAC-associated HLTCs showed similar morphological/immunophenotypical features. However, MELF-associated HLTCs were mainly intraglandular and inflammation-associated, did not form a distinct tumor component, and showed no relationship with lymph node metastases. In conclusion, different histotypes of EC may show a prominent HLTC component, which shows peculiar morphological/immunophenotypical features and appears associated with aggressive behavior.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4809922
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