The monitoring and prediction of the groundwater level (GWL) significantly influence the landslide kinematics. Based on the long-term fluctuation characteristics of the GWL and the time lag of triggering factors, a dynamic prediction model of the GWL based on the Maximum information coefficient (MIC) algorithm and the long-term short-term memory (LSTM) model was proposed. The Sifangbei landslide in the Three Gorges Reservoir area (TGRA) in China, wherein eight GWL monitoring sensors were installed in different locations, was taken as a case study. The monitoring data represented that the fluctuation of the GWL has a specific time lag concerning the accumulated rainfall (AR) and the reservoir water level (RWL). In addition, there were spatial differences in the fluctuation of the GWL, which was controlled by the elevation and the micro landform. From January 19, 2015, to March 6, 2017, the measured data were used to set up the predicted models. The MIC algorithm was adopted to calculate the lag time of the GWL, the RWL, and the AR. The LSTM model is a time series prediction algorithm that can transmit historical information. The Gray wolf optimization (GWO) algorithm was used to seek the most suitable hyperparameter of the LSTM model under the specific prediction conditions. The single-factor GWO-LSTM model without considering triggering factors and the support vector machine regression (SVR) model were considered to compare the prediction results. The results indicate that the MIC-GWO-LSTM model reached the highest accuracy and improved the prediction accuracy by considering the factor selection process with the learner training process. The proposed MIC-GWO-LSTM model combines the advantages of each algorithm and effectively constructs the response relationship between the GWL fluctuation and triggering factors; it also provides a new exploration for the GWL prediction, monitoring, and early warning system in the TGRA.

Groundwater level prediction based on a combined intelligence method for the Sifangbei landslide in the Three Gorges Reservoir Area

Peduto D.
2022-01-01

Abstract

The monitoring and prediction of the groundwater level (GWL) significantly influence the landslide kinematics. Based on the long-term fluctuation characteristics of the GWL and the time lag of triggering factors, a dynamic prediction model of the GWL based on the Maximum information coefficient (MIC) algorithm and the long-term short-term memory (LSTM) model was proposed. The Sifangbei landslide in the Three Gorges Reservoir area (TGRA) in China, wherein eight GWL monitoring sensors were installed in different locations, was taken as a case study. The monitoring data represented that the fluctuation of the GWL has a specific time lag concerning the accumulated rainfall (AR) and the reservoir water level (RWL). In addition, there were spatial differences in the fluctuation of the GWL, which was controlled by the elevation and the micro landform. From January 19, 2015, to March 6, 2017, the measured data were used to set up the predicted models. The MIC algorithm was adopted to calculate the lag time of the GWL, the RWL, and the AR. The LSTM model is a time series prediction algorithm that can transmit historical information. The Gray wolf optimization (GWO) algorithm was used to seek the most suitable hyperparameter of the LSTM model under the specific prediction conditions. The single-factor GWO-LSTM model without considering triggering factors and the support vector machine regression (SVR) model were considered to compare the prediction results. The results indicate that the MIC-GWO-LSTM model reached the highest accuracy and improved the prediction accuracy by considering the factor selection process with the learner training process. The proposed MIC-GWO-LSTM model combines the advantages of each algorithm and effectively constructs the response relationship between the GWL fluctuation and triggering factors; it also provides a new exploration for the GWL prediction, monitoring, and early warning system in the TGRA.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4813401
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