Simple Summary Endometrial cancers (ECs) are mostly adenocarcinomas arising from the inner part of the uterus. The identification of serum biomarkers may be useful for an early diagnosis. This study compared the exosome serum proteins of 12 patients with EC with those of 12 non-cancer subjects, and identified 33 proteins with diagnostic potential. Quantification analysis in 36 patients with endometrial cancer compared to 36 healthy individuals confirmed the upregulation of APOA1, HBB, CA1, HBD, LPA, SAA4, PF4V1, and APOE. We developed a statistical model based on this set of proteins that detects cancer samples with excellent sensitivity and specificity levels, particularly for stage 1 ECs. In our opinion, the combined levels of PF4V1, CA1, HBD, and APOE have great potential to reach the clinical stage, after a validation phase. Endometrial cancers (ECs) are mostly adenocarcinomas arising from the inner part of the uterus. The identification of serum biomarkers, either soluble or carried in the exosome, may be useful in making an early diagnosis. We used label-free quantification mass spectrometry (LFQ-MS)-based proteomics to investigate the proteome of exosomes in the albumin-depleted serum from 12 patients with EC, as compared to 12 healthy controls. After quantification and statistical analysis, we found significant changes in the abundance (p < 0.05) of 33 proteins in EC vs. control samples, with a fold change of >= 1.5 or <= 0.6. Validation using Western blotting analysis in 36 patients with EC as compared to 36 healthy individuals confirmed the upregulation of APOA1, HBB, CA1, HBD, LPA, SAA4, PF4V1, and APOE. A multivariate logistic regression model based on the abundance of these proteins was able to separate the controls from the EC patients with excellent sensitivity levels, particularly for stage 1 ECs. The results show that using LFQ-MS to explore the specific proteome of serum exosomes allows for the identification of biomarkers in EC. These observations suggest that PF4V1, CA1, HBD, and APOE represent biomarkers that are able to reach the clinical stage, after a validation phase.

A Label-Free Proteomic Approach for the Identification of Biomarkers in the Exosome of Endometrial Cancer Serum

Sommella, Eduardo;Salviati, Emanuela;Campiglia, Pietro;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Simple Summary Endometrial cancers (ECs) are mostly adenocarcinomas arising from the inner part of the uterus. The identification of serum biomarkers may be useful for an early diagnosis. This study compared the exosome serum proteins of 12 patients with EC with those of 12 non-cancer subjects, and identified 33 proteins with diagnostic potential. Quantification analysis in 36 patients with endometrial cancer compared to 36 healthy individuals confirmed the upregulation of APOA1, HBB, CA1, HBD, LPA, SAA4, PF4V1, and APOE. We developed a statistical model based on this set of proteins that detects cancer samples with excellent sensitivity and specificity levels, particularly for stage 1 ECs. In our opinion, the combined levels of PF4V1, CA1, HBD, and APOE have great potential to reach the clinical stage, after a validation phase. Endometrial cancers (ECs) are mostly adenocarcinomas arising from the inner part of the uterus. The identification of serum biomarkers, either soluble or carried in the exosome, may be useful in making an early diagnosis. We used label-free quantification mass spectrometry (LFQ-MS)-based proteomics to investigate the proteome of exosomes in the albumin-depleted serum from 12 patients with EC, as compared to 12 healthy controls. After quantification and statistical analysis, we found significant changes in the abundance (p < 0.05) of 33 proteins in EC vs. control samples, with a fold change of >= 1.5 or <= 0.6. Validation using Western blotting analysis in 36 patients with EC as compared to 36 healthy individuals confirmed the upregulation of APOA1, HBB, CA1, HBD, LPA, SAA4, PF4V1, and APOE. A multivariate logistic regression model based on the abundance of these proteins was able to separate the controls from the EC patients with excellent sensitivity levels, particularly for stage 1 ECs. The results show that using LFQ-MS to explore the specific proteome of serum exosomes allows for the identification of biomarkers in EC. These observations suggest that PF4V1, CA1, HBD, and APOE represent biomarkers that are able to reach the clinical stage, after a validation phase.
2022
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4818371
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