The addition of nanoparticles could allow to upgrade the performances of biopolymers, making them fit to replace petroleum-based plastics. In order to maximize the sustainability benefits of bio-nanocomposites, it is fundamental to opportunely tune their bulk properties by acting on their nanostructure. In particular, in nanocomposite blends the final morphologies are highly dependent on the selective localization of the nanoparticles: mainly inside one of the polymeric phases and/or at the interface.In this work, nanocomposite PBS (polybutylene succinate)/PLA (polylactic acid) blown films were prepared with the aim of optimizing their mechanical and gas barrier properties by profiting from the multiple functions of nanofillers as reinforcements, compatibilizers and morphology-directors. PBS/PLA blends, at a constant polymers' weight proportion (80/20), were prepared by twin-screw extrusion, adding a constant amount of a lamellar nanosilicate (Cloisite 30B), according to different mixing routes: (i) by first dispersing the nanofillers inside the PLA or PBS phase, followed by the compounding with the other resin; (ii) by direct mixing of all the three components.The nanocomposite systems showed a finer dispersion of the PLA phase compared to the neat PBS/PLA blend. While a good exfoliation degree of the nanosilicate was generally observed for all the hybrid samples, the different blending sequence of the nanofillers significantly affected their preferential localization. In particular, the barrier and mechanical performances of the hybrid film PBS/(PLA + C30B) were most positively affected by the selective localization of the nanoplatelets at PBS/PLA interface, since their compatibilizing action was effectively exploited. In fact, this latter sample exhibited an interesting increase (+ 29%) of the deformation at break and a significant improvement (+ 33%) of the oxygen barrier compared with the neat PBS/PLA blend.

Selective Localization of Nanoparticles to Enhance the Properties of PBS/PLA Nanocomposite Blown Films

Garofalo, E
;
Di Maio, L;Scarfato, P;Russo, P;Incarnato, L
2023-01-01

Abstract

The addition of nanoparticles could allow to upgrade the performances of biopolymers, making them fit to replace petroleum-based plastics. In order to maximize the sustainability benefits of bio-nanocomposites, it is fundamental to opportunely tune their bulk properties by acting on their nanostructure. In particular, in nanocomposite blends the final morphologies are highly dependent on the selective localization of the nanoparticles: mainly inside one of the polymeric phases and/or at the interface.In this work, nanocomposite PBS (polybutylene succinate)/PLA (polylactic acid) blown films were prepared with the aim of optimizing their mechanical and gas barrier properties by profiting from the multiple functions of nanofillers as reinforcements, compatibilizers and morphology-directors. PBS/PLA blends, at a constant polymers' weight proportion (80/20), were prepared by twin-screw extrusion, adding a constant amount of a lamellar nanosilicate (Cloisite 30B), according to different mixing routes: (i) by first dispersing the nanofillers inside the PLA or PBS phase, followed by the compounding with the other resin; (ii) by direct mixing of all the three components.The nanocomposite systems showed a finer dispersion of the PLA phase compared to the neat PBS/PLA blend. While a good exfoliation degree of the nanosilicate was generally observed for all the hybrid samples, the different blending sequence of the nanofillers significantly affected their preferential localization. In particular, the barrier and mechanical performances of the hybrid film PBS/(PLA + C30B) were most positively affected by the selective localization of the nanoplatelets at PBS/PLA interface, since their compatibilizing action was effectively exploited. In fact, this latter sample exhibited an interesting increase (+ 29%) of the deformation at break and a significant improvement (+ 33%) of the oxygen barrier compared with the neat PBS/PLA blend.
2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4836192
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