Clary Sage extracts are of industrial interest: in particular, sclareol shows a strong pharmaceutical potential. Supercritical fluid extraction was used to recover compounds of interest from a Salvia sclarea L. waxy n-hexane extract (“concrete”), using semi-continuous fractionation and a multi-step extraction strategy. Multi-step extraction experiments were carried out in two phases: the first one operated at 90 bar and 50 °C; the second one at 100 bar and 40 °C. GC-MS traces showed that during the first extraction step, only lighter compounds (e.g., monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes, and derivatives) were collected, whereas, in the second step, only sclareol and related compounds were recovered. By adjusting operating conditions (temperature and pressure), selective extraction of different families of compounds was accomplished, with no further need for post-processing of the products. Moreover, using two separators in series, the compounds of interest were fractionated from paraffins and, by changing the operating conditions, the extraction yield increased from about 6.0% to 9.3% w/w as CO2 density increased.

Supercritical Fluid Extraction of Essential Oil and Sclareol from a Clary Sage Concrete

Zanotti, Alessandra;Baldino, Lucia
;
Scognamiglio, Mariarosa;Reverchon, Ernesto
2023-01-01

Abstract

Clary Sage extracts are of industrial interest: in particular, sclareol shows a strong pharmaceutical potential. Supercritical fluid extraction was used to recover compounds of interest from a Salvia sclarea L. waxy n-hexane extract (“concrete”), using semi-continuous fractionation and a multi-step extraction strategy. Multi-step extraction experiments were carried out in two phases: the first one operated at 90 bar and 50 °C; the second one at 100 bar and 40 °C. GC-MS traces showed that during the first extraction step, only lighter compounds (e.g., monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes, and derivatives) were collected, whereas, in the second step, only sclareol and related compounds were recovered. By adjusting operating conditions (temperature and pressure), selective extraction of different families of compounds was accomplished, with no further need for post-processing of the products. Moreover, using two separators in series, the compounds of interest were fractionated from paraffins and, by changing the operating conditions, the extraction yield increased from about 6.0% to 9.3% w/w as CO2 density increased.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4836432
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