This paper presents a secure face recognition system with advanced template protection schemes for Cyber- Physical-Social Services (CPSS). The implementation of the proposed system consists of five components. The initial step performs image preprocessing, where it detects the facial region from the captured image using the Tree-Structured Part Model (TSPM). The second phase involves feature extraction, where it utilizes the Scale Invariant Feature Transform (SIFT) descriptor to extract features from small patches of the preprocessed images, forming a collection of feature descriptors. The collection of feature descriptors is then clustered using the K means clustering algorithm, returning the centers of K-clusters that serve as the vocabulary of a dictionary. Finally, a histogram is generated using the vocabularies and frequencies, referred to as the "Bag of Visual Words (BoVW)". Using this dictionary and a feature learning technique called Sparse Representation Coding (SRC), followed by Spatial Pyramid Mapping (SPM), the system generates feature vectors from training/testing image samples. In the third component, the modified FaceHashing technique is applied to the original feature vectors, generating cancelable feature vectors. The fourth component employs a Bio-Cryptographic technique to preserve the cancelable feature vectors in a database. Lastly, the fifth component utilizes a multi-class linear SVM classifier on the decrypted and query-cancellable feature vector to classify users. The system evaluates its performance using FERET and CASIA-FaceV5 benchmark databases, providing 100% identification accuracy for 200-dimensional cancelable feature vectors. The performance and security comparisons demonstrate the superiority of the proposed system over existing methods.

Face recognition system with hybrid template protection scheme for Cyber-Physical-Social Services

Pero, C
2023-01-01

Abstract

This paper presents a secure face recognition system with advanced template protection schemes for Cyber- Physical-Social Services (CPSS). The implementation of the proposed system consists of five components. The initial step performs image preprocessing, where it detects the facial region from the captured image using the Tree-Structured Part Model (TSPM). The second phase involves feature extraction, where it utilizes the Scale Invariant Feature Transform (SIFT) descriptor to extract features from small patches of the preprocessed images, forming a collection of feature descriptors. The collection of feature descriptors is then clustered using the K means clustering algorithm, returning the centers of K-clusters that serve as the vocabulary of a dictionary. Finally, a histogram is generated using the vocabularies and frequencies, referred to as the "Bag of Visual Words (BoVW)". Using this dictionary and a feature learning technique called Sparse Representation Coding (SRC), followed by Spatial Pyramid Mapping (SPM), the system generates feature vectors from training/testing image samples. In the third component, the modified FaceHashing technique is applied to the original feature vectors, generating cancelable feature vectors. The fourth component employs a Bio-Cryptographic technique to preserve the cancelable feature vectors in a database. Lastly, the fifth component utilizes a multi-class linear SVM classifier on the decrypted and query-cancellable feature vector to classify users. The system evaluates its performance using FERET and CASIA-FaceV5 benchmark databases, providing 100% identification accuracy for 200-dimensional cancelable feature vectors. The performance and security comparisons demonstrate the superiority of the proposed system over existing methods.
2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4846891
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