Exopolysaccharides, obtained from microorganisms as fermentation products, are interesting candidates for biomedical applications as scaffolds: they are biocompatible, nontoxic, antimicrobial, antitumor materials. To produce exopolysaccharide-based scaffolds, sol–gel technology could be used, which ends with the removal of the liquid phase from the polymeric network (i.e., the drying step). The aim of this review is to point out the most relevant strengths and weaknesses of the different drying techniques, focusing attention on the production of exopolysaccharide-based porous structures. Among these drying processes, supercritical carbon dioxide-assisted drying is the most promising strategy to obtain dried gels to use in the biomedical field: it produces highly porous and lightweight devices with outstanding surface areas and regular microstructure and nanostructure (i.e., aerogels). As a result of the analysis carried out in the present work, it emerged that supercritical technologies should be further explored and applied to the production of exopolysaccharide-based nanostructured scaffolds. Moving research towards this direction, exopolysaccharide utilization could be intensified and extended to the production of high added-value devices.

Production of Exopolysaccharide-Based Porous Structures for Biomedical Applications: A Review

Zanotti, A.;Baldino, L.
;
Reverchon, E.
2023-01-01

Abstract

Exopolysaccharides, obtained from microorganisms as fermentation products, are interesting candidates for biomedical applications as scaffolds: they are biocompatible, nontoxic, antimicrobial, antitumor materials. To produce exopolysaccharide-based scaffolds, sol–gel technology could be used, which ends with the removal of the liquid phase from the polymeric network (i.e., the drying step). The aim of this review is to point out the most relevant strengths and weaknesses of the different drying techniques, focusing attention on the production of exopolysaccharide-based porous structures. Among these drying processes, supercritical carbon dioxide-assisted drying is the most promising strategy to obtain dried gels to use in the biomedical field: it produces highly porous and lightweight devices with outstanding surface areas and regular microstructure and nanostructure (i.e., aerogels). As a result of the analysis carried out in the present work, it emerged that supercritical technologies should be further explored and applied to the production of exopolysaccharide-based nanostructured scaffolds. Moving research towards this direction, exopolysaccharide utilization could be intensified and extended to the production of high added-value devices.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4853335
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