In this paper, we propose a temperature sensor based on a 4H-SiC CMOS oscillator circuit and that is able to operate in the temperature range between 298 K and 573 K. The circuit is developed on Fraunhofer IISB’s 2 μm 4H-SiC CMOS technology and is designed for a bias voltage of 20 V and an oscillation frequency of 90 kHz at room temperature. The possibility to relate the absolute temperature with the oscillation frequency is due to the temperature dependency of the threshold voltage and of the channel mobility of the transistors. An analytical model of the frequency-temperature dependency has been developed and is used as a starting point for the design of the circuit. Once the circuit has been designed, numerical simulations are performed with the Verilog-A BSIM4SiC model, which has been opportunely tuned on Fraunhofer IISB’s 2 μm 4H-SiC CMOS technology, and their results showed almost linear frequency-temperature characteristics with a coefficient of determination that was higher than 0.9681 for all of the bias conditions, whose maximum is 0.9992 at a (Formula presented.) = 12.5 V. Moreover, we considered the effects of the fabrication process through a Monte Carlo analysis, where we varied the threshold voltage and the channel mobility with different values of the Gaussian distribution variance. For example, at (Formula presented.) = 20 V, a deviation of (Formula presented.) from the nominal characteristic is obtained for a Gaussian distribution variance of (Formula presented.). Finally, we applied the one-point calibration procedure, and temperature errors of +8.8 K and −5.8 K were observed at (Formula presented.) = 15 V.

A 4H-SiC CMOS Oscillator-Based Temperature Sensor Operating from 298 K up to 573 K

Rinaldi N.;Liguori R.;Rubino A.;Licciardo G. D.;Di Benedetto L.
2023-01-01

Abstract

In this paper, we propose a temperature sensor based on a 4H-SiC CMOS oscillator circuit and that is able to operate in the temperature range between 298 K and 573 K. The circuit is developed on Fraunhofer IISB’s 2 μm 4H-SiC CMOS technology and is designed for a bias voltage of 20 V and an oscillation frequency of 90 kHz at room temperature. The possibility to relate the absolute temperature with the oscillation frequency is due to the temperature dependency of the threshold voltage and of the channel mobility of the transistors. An analytical model of the frequency-temperature dependency has been developed and is used as a starting point for the design of the circuit. Once the circuit has been designed, numerical simulations are performed with the Verilog-A BSIM4SiC model, which has been opportunely tuned on Fraunhofer IISB’s 2 μm 4H-SiC CMOS technology, and their results showed almost linear frequency-temperature characteristics with a coefficient of determination that was higher than 0.9681 for all of the bias conditions, whose maximum is 0.9992 at a (Formula presented.) = 12.5 V. Moreover, we considered the effects of the fabrication process through a Monte Carlo analysis, where we varied the threshold voltage and the channel mobility with different values of the Gaussian distribution variance. For example, at (Formula presented.) = 20 V, a deviation of (Formula presented.) from the nominal characteristic is obtained for a Gaussian distribution variance of (Formula presented.). Finally, we applied the one-point calibration procedure, and temperature errors of +8.8 K and −5.8 K were observed at (Formula presented.) = 15 V.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4853715
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