Purpose: There are many therapeutic options for Meniere's disease (MD); intratympanic (IT) gentamicin has been proposed for intractable cases although controversy about dosage and method exists. The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of low-dose IT gentamicin on vertigo attacks in MD using a clinical symptomatology-based method in which administration was repeated only if vertigo attacks recurred, with a 2-week interval between injections.Materials and methods: Forty-eight patients with unilateral intractable MD were included in the study. All patients received one to five IT injections with 0.5 ml of 10 mg of gentamicin (80 mg/2 ml) with an interval of 2 weeks between injections. Vertigo attacks were evaluated before and after therapy and categorized into classes A F according to the 2015 Equilibrium Committee criteria. Audiovestibular assessment with pure tone audiometry, vestibular bed -side examination and video head impulse test was performed.Results: Before treatment patients had an average of 4.4 vertigo attacks/month; after treatment the average number decreased to 0.52. The majority of patients (77%) reached Class A vertigo control with 5 or less gentamicin injections. VOR gain was unaffected in the healthy side and significantly reduced in the affected side. No hearing deterioration was found in all treated patients.Conclusions: Low-dose IT gentamicin administration based on clinical symptomatology can produce a satisfactory control of vertigo attacks after treatment; such protocol had an effect mainly on the vestibular function as demonstrated by the significant reduction in VOR gain in the affected side avoiding a cochlear damage.

Low-dose intratympanic gentamicin administration for unilateral Meniere's disease using a method based on clinical symptomatology: Preliminary results

Scarpa, Alfonso;Cassandro, Ettore
2019-01-01

Abstract

Purpose: There are many therapeutic options for Meniere's disease (MD); intratympanic (IT) gentamicin has been proposed for intractable cases although controversy about dosage and method exists. The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of low-dose IT gentamicin on vertigo attacks in MD using a clinical symptomatology-based method in which administration was repeated only if vertigo attacks recurred, with a 2-week interval between injections.Materials and methods: Forty-eight patients with unilateral intractable MD were included in the study. All patients received one to five IT injections with 0.5 ml of 10 mg of gentamicin (80 mg/2 ml) with an interval of 2 weeks between injections. Vertigo attacks were evaluated before and after therapy and categorized into classes A F according to the 2015 Equilibrium Committee criteria. Audiovestibular assessment with pure tone audiometry, vestibular bed -side examination and video head impulse test was performed.Results: Before treatment patients had an average of 4.4 vertigo attacks/month; after treatment the average number decreased to 0.52. The majority of patients (77%) reached Class A vertigo control with 5 or less gentamicin injections. VOR gain was unaffected in the healthy side and significantly reduced in the affected side. No hearing deterioration was found in all treated patients.Conclusions: Low-dose IT gentamicin administration based on clinical symptomatology can produce a satisfactory control of vertigo attacks after treatment; such protocol had an effect mainly on the vestibular function as demonstrated by the significant reduction in VOR gain in the affected side avoiding a cochlear damage.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4858034
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