This paper deals with the compensation of the probe mispositioning errors occurring in a cylindrical near-field (NF) facility due to the imprecise control of the linear and azimuthal positioners allowing the cylindrical scanning and/or to their limited resolution and to defects in the rails guiding the linear motion. As a result, 3-D errors in the positioning of the probe at any sampling point, as prescribed by the adopted non-redundant representation, affect the accuracy of the NF measurements. An efficient procedure is here proposed to properly compensate for these errors. It involves two steps. The former allows one to correct the mispositioning errors due to the deviation of each actual sampling point from the nominal measurement cylinder. The latter makes use of an iterative technique to restore the NF samples at any sampling point fixed by the used non-redundant representation from the ones obtained at the previous step and affected by 2-D mispositioning errors. Once these steps have been fruitfully applied, the so-compensated NF samples are effectively interpolated through a 2-D optimal sampling interpolation (OSI) formula to accurately reconstruct the input data required to perform the traditional cylindrical near-to-far-field transformation. The OSI representation is here developed by considering an elongated antenna under test as enclosed either in a prolate spheroid or in a cylinder terminated by two half spheres (rounded cylinder) in order to make the representation effectively non-redundant. Numerical test results, which thoroughly prove the efficacy of the devised procedure in correcting even severe 3-D mispositioning errors, are reported.

An Efficient Procedure to Compensate for the Errors Due to the Probe Mispositioning in a Cylindrical Near-Field Facility

Bevilacqua F.;D'Agostino F.;Ferrara F.;Gennarelli C.;Guerriero R.;Migliozzi M.;Riccio G.
2024-01-01

Abstract

This paper deals with the compensation of the probe mispositioning errors occurring in a cylindrical near-field (NF) facility due to the imprecise control of the linear and azimuthal positioners allowing the cylindrical scanning and/or to their limited resolution and to defects in the rails guiding the linear motion. As a result, 3-D errors in the positioning of the probe at any sampling point, as prescribed by the adopted non-redundant representation, affect the accuracy of the NF measurements. An efficient procedure is here proposed to properly compensate for these errors. It involves two steps. The former allows one to correct the mispositioning errors due to the deviation of each actual sampling point from the nominal measurement cylinder. The latter makes use of an iterative technique to restore the NF samples at any sampling point fixed by the used non-redundant representation from the ones obtained at the previous step and affected by 2-D mispositioning errors. Once these steps have been fruitfully applied, the so-compensated NF samples are effectively interpolated through a 2-D optimal sampling interpolation (OSI) formula to accurately reconstruct the input data required to perform the traditional cylindrical near-to-far-field transformation. The OSI representation is here developed by considering an elongated antenna under test as enclosed either in a prolate spheroid or in a cylinder terminated by two half spheres (rounded cylinder) in order to make the representation effectively non-redundant. Numerical test results, which thoroughly prove the efficacy of the devised procedure in correcting even severe 3-D mispositioning errors, are reported.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4868778
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