The aim of this work was to investigate ultrasound (US)-assisted green solvent extraction of valuable compounds from the microalgae Nannochloropsis spp. Individual green solvents (water, ethanol (EtOH), dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO)) and binary mixture of solvents (water-DMSO and water-EtOH) were used for the extraction procedures. Maximum total phenolic compounds yield (Yp 0.33) was obtained after US pre-treatment (W = 400 W, 15 min), being almost 5-folds higher compared to that found for the untreated samples and aqueous extraction (Yp 0.06). The highest yield of total chlorophylls (Yc 0.043) was obtained after US (W = 400 W, 7.5 min), being more than 9-folds higher than those obtained for the untreated samples and aqueous extraction (Yc 0.004). The recovery efficiency decreased as DMSO > EtOH > H2O. The optimal conditions to recover phenolic compounds and chlorophylls from microalgae were obtained after US pre-treatment (400 W, 5 min), binary mixtures of solvents (water-DMSO and water-EtOH) at 25–30%, and microalgae concentration of 10%.

Ultrasound-assisted green solvent extraction of high-added value compounds from microalgae Nannochloropsis spp.

PATARO, GIANPIERO;FERRARI, Giovanna;
2015

Abstract

The aim of this work was to investigate ultrasound (US)-assisted green solvent extraction of valuable compounds from the microalgae Nannochloropsis spp. Individual green solvents (water, ethanol (EtOH), dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO)) and binary mixture of solvents (water-DMSO and water-EtOH) were used for the extraction procedures. Maximum total phenolic compounds yield (Yp 0.33) was obtained after US pre-treatment (W = 400 W, 15 min), being almost 5-folds higher compared to that found for the untreated samples and aqueous extraction (Yp 0.06). The highest yield of total chlorophylls (Yc 0.043) was obtained after US (W = 400 W, 7.5 min), being more than 9-folds higher than those obtained for the untreated samples and aqueous extraction (Yc 0.004). The recovery efficiency decreased as DMSO > EtOH > H2O. The optimal conditions to recover phenolic compounds and chlorophylls from microalgae were obtained after US pre-treatment (400 W, 5 min), binary mixtures of solvents (water-DMSO and water-EtOH) at 25–30%, and microalgae concentration of 10%.
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Descrizione: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2015.09.020
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4649763
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