A combined pretreatment of trehalose (0.5 %) and NaCl (0.5 %) solution was applied prior to drying eggplant to reduce shrinkage, browning and loss of polyphenols. Drying behaviour of eggplant slabs was experimentally examined in a convective dryer at temperatures of 50, 60 and 70 °C and at 2.3 m/s air velocity. Then the effects of pretreatment and drying temperature on the quality of the eggplant slabs in terms of microstructure, porosity, colour, total phenolic content, rehydration ratio and texture were investigated. It was noted that the pretreated eggplants (TR) dried more rapidly than the untreated ones (UTR) with a reduction of up to 1/4 of drying time. After drying at 50 and 60 °C, they showed no significant differences (p < 0.05) in terms of White index compared with fresh eggplant (78.59 ± 0.63). They had higher total phenolic content (19.86 and 18.24 mg/g (db), respectively) than the UTR ones (11.91 and 12.89 mg/g (db)), but only for the TR samples at 50 °C the value is not statistically different (p < 0.05) from the fresh ones (20.00 mg/g (db)). The pretreatment can hold also a higher porosity (85, 86 % at 50 and 60 °C, respectively) than the UTR ones (78, 82 %), but scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images indicated a total damage structure of the UTR samples. On the contrary, after the pretreatment, the porous structure was more uniform with more not lacerated cellular walls. Hence, the main effect of pretreatment was of protecting the microstructure of the eggplants by reinforcing the cell walls and to reduce the resistance of the water evaporation by avoiding the structural changes. After rehydration, the pretreated samples absorbed more water (rehydration ratio had almost doubled) than the untreated ones and showed lower firmness (95,500 Nm−1) compared with the untreated ones (132,000 Nm−1).
|Titolo:||Combined Pretreatment for Enhancing Quality of Dried and Rehydrated Eggplant|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1.1 Articolo su rivista con DOI|