Liposomes are spherical vesicles formed by a inner aqueous core and a double lipidic layer around it. Conventional techniques for the production of liposomes are characterized by several drawbacks, like the production of micrometric vesicles, a difficult control of the Particle Size Distribution (PSD) and low encapsulation efficiencies (EE) of hydrophilic compounds. Many supercritical semi-continuous techniques were proposed in literature. They are successful in the intent of producing liposomes of smaller diameter, but the EE of hydrophilic compounds and the reproducibility are still a challenge. For this reason, it was recently proposed a new supercritical process whose aim is to invert the steps of production of liposomes, by first creating water droplets and then to fast surround them by phospholipids. We discovered that the high diffusion coefficient of phospholipids in supercritical carbon dioxide allows a fast coverage of water droplets preserving the drug content into the liposome core. In this work, hydrophilic compounds were encapsulated in the vesicles produced using SuperLip, such as Fluorescein, Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) and Ampicillin, obtaining monodispersed spherical vesicles with a mean size from 100 to 300 nm. Operative parameters like water flow rate and lipid to water mass ratio were optimized. The EEs were evaluated with UV-Vis spectroscopy according to methods reported in literature, and obtaining high values up to 99 % for the three investigated compounds.

Operative parameters optimization production of liposomes for the encapsulation of hydrophilic compounds using a new supercritical process

Trucillo, Paolo;Campardelli, Roberta
;
Reverchon, Ernesto
2017

Abstract

Liposomes are spherical vesicles formed by a inner aqueous core and a double lipidic layer around it. Conventional techniques for the production of liposomes are characterized by several drawbacks, like the production of micrometric vesicles, a difficult control of the Particle Size Distribution (PSD) and low encapsulation efficiencies (EE) of hydrophilic compounds. Many supercritical semi-continuous techniques were proposed in literature. They are successful in the intent of producing liposomes of smaller diameter, but the EE of hydrophilic compounds and the reproducibility are still a challenge. For this reason, it was recently proposed a new supercritical process whose aim is to invert the steps of production of liposomes, by first creating water droplets and then to fast surround them by phospholipids. We discovered that the high diffusion coefficient of phospholipids in supercritical carbon dioxide allows a fast coverage of water droplets preserving the drug content into the liposome core. In this work, hydrophilic compounds were encapsulated in the vesicles produced using SuperLip, such as Fluorescein, Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) and Ampicillin, obtaining monodispersed spherical vesicles with a mean size from 100 to 300 nm. Operative parameters like water flow rate and lipid to water mass ratio were optimized. The EEs were evaluated with UV-Vis spectroscopy according to methods reported in literature, and obtaining high values up to 99 % for the three investigated compounds.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4704819
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