Objective: The objective of the study was to explore stress levels in the parents of children with idiopathic epilepsy at different time points of the disease, specifically, at the time of diagnosis, during follow-up, and 1 and 2 years after discontinuation of antiepileptic drugs.Methods: Our study included 50 patients between 5 and 14 years of age, who were diagnosed with childhood absence epilepsy or idiopathic focal epilepsy with Rolandic paroxysms. Parents of the participants independently completed the Parenting Stress Index-Short Form at the time of initial diagnosis, and when the children started antiepileptic drugs (Time 0), and at 1 year (Time 1) and 2 years (lime 2) after discontinuation of therapy.Results: At Time 0, parental stress levels were increased, both in mothers and fathers, with average scores in the "clinical range" of the parental distress (PD), dysfunctional parent-child interaction (P-CDI), and total stress (TS) scales. At Time 1, the scores on these scales remained high. At Time 2, a mild reduction in the stress scores was observed in both parents, despite values remaining in the "clinical range" for all the scales.Conclusions: Results suggested that parents of children with epilepsy were not reassured about the child's condition, even after clinical improvement. Parental stress levels remained higher than expected, even 2 years after the discontinuation of therapy and freedom from seizures. This was probably due to concerns with the reappearance of new seizures or a more severe type of epilepsy with the discontinuation of drug(s), and feelings of inadequacy with their parental role(s). (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Parental stress in pediatric epilepsy after therapy withdrawal

Operto F. F.
Conceptualization
;
Coppola G.
Membro del Collaboration Group
2019

Abstract

Objective: The objective of the study was to explore stress levels in the parents of children with idiopathic epilepsy at different time points of the disease, specifically, at the time of diagnosis, during follow-up, and 1 and 2 years after discontinuation of antiepileptic drugs.Methods: Our study included 50 patients between 5 and 14 years of age, who were diagnosed with childhood absence epilepsy or idiopathic focal epilepsy with Rolandic paroxysms. Parents of the participants independently completed the Parenting Stress Index-Short Form at the time of initial diagnosis, and when the children started antiepileptic drugs (Time 0), and at 1 year (Time 1) and 2 years (lime 2) after discontinuation of therapy.Results: At Time 0, parental stress levels were increased, both in mothers and fathers, with average scores in the "clinical range" of the parental distress (PD), dysfunctional parent-child interaction (P-CDI), and total stress (TS) scales. At Time 1, the scores on these scales remained high. At Time 2, a mild reduction in the stress scores was observed in both parents, despite values remaining in the "clinical range" for all the scales.Conclusions: Results suggested that parents of children with epilepsy were not reassured about the child's condition, even after clinical improvement. Parental stress levels remained higher than expected, even 2 years after the discontinuation of therapy and freedom from seizures. This was probably due to concerns with the reappearance of new seizures or a more severe type of epilepsy with the discontinuation of drug(s), and feelings of inadequacy with their parental role(s). (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4729962
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