Bacterial biofilm provides bacteria with resistance and protection against conventional antimicrobial agents and the host immune system. Bacteriophages are known to move across the biofilm to make it permeable to antimicrobials. Mineral hydroxyapatite (HA) can improve the lytic activity of bacteriophages, and, together with eicosanoic acid (C20:0), can destroy the biofilm structure. Here, we demonstrate the efficacy of the combined use of phage, HA and C20:0 against Xanthomonas campestris pv campestris (Xcc) biofilm. We used nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)-based metabolomics to investigate the molecular determinants related to the lytic action, aiming at identifying the metabolic pathways dysregulated by phage treatment. Furthermore, we identified specific markers (amino acids, lactate and galactomannan) which are involved in the control of biofilm stability. Our data show that Xccϕ1, alone or in combination with HA and C20:0, interferes with the metabolic pathways involved in biofilm formation. The approach described here might be extended to other biofilm-producing bacteria.

Bacteriophages promote metabolic changes in bacteria biofilm

Albanese D.;
2020

Abstract

Bacterial biofilm provides bacteria with resistance and protection against conventional antimicrobial agents and the host immune system. Bacteriophages are known to move across the biofilm to make it permeable to antimicrobials. Mineral hydroxyapatite (HA) can improve the lytic activity of bacteriophages, and, together with eicosanoic acid (C20:0), can destroy the biofilm structure. Here, we demonstrate the efficacy of the combined use of phage, HA and C20:0 against Xanthomonas campestris pv campestris (Xcc) biofilm. We used nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)-based metabolomics to investigate the molecular determinants related to the lytic action, aiming at identifying the metabolic pathways dysregulated by phage treatment. Furthermore, we identified specific markers (amino acids, lactate and galactomannan) which are involved in the control of biofilm stability. Our data show that Xccϕ1, alone or in combination with HA and C20:0, interferes with the metabolic pathways involved in biofilm formation. The approach described here might be extended to other biofilm-producing bacteria.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11386/4737773
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