Grape pomace (GP), the major winery by-product, is still rich in phenolic compounds, scarcely applied in food systems due to physicochemical instability issues. This work aimed at fabricating gliadin (G)-based nanoparticles through antisolvent precipitation, for delivery of GP extracts, investigating different extraction strategies with ethanol/water solution (70:30 v/v). Interestingly, the fabricated nanoparticles were characterized by a nanometric size range with hydraulic diameter values around 100 nm and zeta-potential of 18-22 mV. The addition of gum arabic (GA), at the optimized G/GA ratio 1:1, improved particle stability and encapsulation efficiency of GP polyphenols. The two-step extraction of GP in the G-rich solvent retrieved from G extraction, as evidenced by total phenolics (1.24 times higher than the two separately obtained extracts G/GP10:10), HPLC-PDA analysis, encapsulation efficiency (62.9% in terms of epicatechin), and simulated digestion (95.6% release of epicatechin), represented the most promising approach to obtain G nanoparticles for efficient delivery of GP extracts.

All-natural wheat gliadin-gum arabic nanocarriers for encapsulation and delivery of grape by-products phenolics obtained through different extraction procedures

Carpentieri, Serena;Ferrari, Giovanna;Donsi', Francesco
2023-01-01

Abstract

Grape pomace (GP), the major winery by-product, is still rich in phenolic compounds, scarcely applied in food systems due to physicochemical instability issues. This work aimed at fabricating gliadin (G)-based nanoparticles through antisolvent precipitation, for delivery of GP extracts, investigating different extraction strategies with ethanol/water solution (70:30 v/v). Interestingly, the fabricated nanoparticles were characterized by a nanometric size range with hydraulic diameter values around 100 nm and zeta-potential of 18-22 mV. The addition of gum arabic (GA), at the optimized G/GA ratio 1:1, improved particle stability and encapsulation efficiency of GP polyphenols. The two-step extraction of GP in the G-rich solvent retrieved from G extraction, as evidenced by total phenolics (1.24 times higher than the two separately obtained extracts G/GP10:10), HPLC-PDA analysis, encapsulation efficiency (62.9% in terms of epicatechin), and simulated digestion (95.6% release of epicatechin), represented the most promising approach to obtain G nanoparticles for efficient delivery of GP extracts.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4840891
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