: This work proposes a biorefinery approach for utilizing tomato pomace (TP) through a top-down deconstructing strategy, combining mild chemical hydrolysis with high-pressure homogenization (HPH). The objective of the study is to isolate cellulose pulp using different combinations of chemical and physical processes: (i) direct HPH treatment of the raw material, (ii) HPH treatment following acid hydrolysis, and (iii) HPH treatment following alkaline hydrolysis. The results demonstrate that these isolation routes enable the production of cellulose with tailored morphological properties from TP with higher yields (up to +21% when HPH was applied before hydrolysis and approximately +6% when applied after acid or after alkaline hydrolysis). Additionally, the side streams generated by this cascade process show a four-fold increase in phenolic compounds when HPH is integrated after acid hydrolysis compared to untreated sample, and they also contain nanoparticles composed of hemicellulose and lignin, as shown by FT-IR and SEM. Notably, the further application of HPH treatment enables the production of nanostructured cellulose from cellulose pulp derived from TP, offering tunable properties. This approach presents a sustainable pathway for the extraction of cellulose and nanocellulose, as well as the valorization of value-added compounds found in residual biomass in the form of side streams.

Cellulose Isolation from Tomato Pomace: Part II-Integrating High-Pressure Homogenization in a Cascade Hydrolysis Process for the Recovery of Nanostructured Cellulose and Bioactive Molecules

Pirozzi, Annachiara;Donsi', Francesco
2023-01-01

Abstract

: This work proposes a biorefinery approach for utilizing tomato pomace (TP) through a top-down deconstructing strategy, combining mild chemical hydrolysis with high-pressure homogenization (HPH). The objective of the study is to isolate cellulose pulp using different combinations of chemical and physical processes: (i) direct HPH treatment of the raw material, (ii) HPH treatment following acid hydrolysis, and (iii) HPH treatment following alkaline hydrolysis. The results demonstrate that these isolation routes enable the production of cellulose with tailored morphological properties from TP with higher yields (up to +21% when HPH was applied before hydrolysis and approximately +6% when applied after acid or after alkaline hydrolysis). Additionally, the side streams generated by this cascade process show a four-fold increase in phenolic compounds when HPH is integrated after acid hydrolysis compared to untreated sample, and they also contain nanoparticles composed of hemicellulose and lignin, as shown by FT-IR and SEM. Notably, the further application of HPH treatment enables the production of nanostructured cellulose from cellulose pulp derived from TP, offering tunable properties. This approach presents a sustainable pathway for the extraction of cellulose and nanocellulose, as well as the valorization of value-added compounds found in residual biomass in the form of side streams.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4840894
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