In this study the combined effect of mechanical comminution and pulsed electric fields (PEF) treatments on both cell disintegration and extractability of phenolic compounds during aqueous extraction from artichoke external bracts, was investigated. Different-sized bract discs were treated with varying PEF conditions, namely 0.5 – 5 kV/cm of electric field strength (E), and 1 - 20 kJ/kg of total specific energy input (WT). The cell disintegration index (Zp) of bract tissues, as well as the total phenolic content (TPC) and antioxidant activity (FRAP) of the extracts, were assessed. The results showed that increasing the comminution process intensity led to greater cell disintegration, resulting in a peak extraction yield of phenolic compounds (17.61 ± 1.24 mgGAE/100g FW) achieved with the smallest sample size. Moreover, the application of PEF treatment further increased the Zp value of the bract tissues in a size-dependent manner. The greater the sample size, the stronger the PEF efficiency. Coherently, under optimized PEF conditions (E = 3 kV/cm, WT = 5 kJ/kg), the extracts exhibited higher TPC (+ 112 – 361%) and FRAP values (+ 83 – 836 %) as compared to the control samples after 120 min of diffusion. The extraction rate of phenolic compounds increased when the comminution degree was increased for both untreated and PEF-treated samples, and this was successfully predicted using Peleg's model. These findings suggest that PEF can be a viable alternative to energy-intensive comminution pretreatment, thus enhancing the extraction of phenolic compounds without requiring finely ground raw material handling.

Influence of mechanical comminution of raw materials and PEF treatment on the aqueous extraction of phenolic compounds from artichoke wastes

Daniele Carullo;Serena Carpentieri;Giovanna Ferrari;Gianpiero Pataro
2024-01-01

Abstract

In this study the combined effect of mechanical comminution and pulsed electric fields (PEF) treatments on both cell disintegration and extractability of phenolic compounds during aqueous extraction from artichoke external bracts, was investigated. Different-sized bract discs were treated with varying PEF conditions, namely 0.5 – 5 kV/cm of electric field strength (E), and 1 - 20 kJ/kg of total specific energy input (WT). The cell disintegration index (Zp) of bract tissues, as well as the total phenolic content (TPC) and antioxidant activity (FRAP) of the extracts, were assessed. The results showed that increasing the comminution process intensity led to greater cell disintegration, resulting in a peak extraction yield of phenolic compounds (17.61 ± 1.24 mgGAE/100g FW) achieved with the smallest sample size. Moreover, the application of PEF treatment further increased the Zp value of the bract tissues in a size-dependent manner. The greater the sample size, the stronger the PEF efficiency. Coherently, under optimized PEF conditions (E = 3 kV/cm, WT = 5 kJ/kg), the extracts exhibited higher TPC (+ 112 – 361%) and FRAP values (+ 83 – 836 %) as compared to the control samples after 120 min of diffusion. The extraction rate of phenolic compounds increased when the comminution degree was increased for both untreated and PEF-treated samples, and this was successfully predicted using Peleg's model. These findings suggest that PEF can be a viable alternative to energy-intensive comminution pretreatment, thus enhancing the extraction of phenolic compounds without requiring finely ground raw material handling.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4860896
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