This work aimed at investigating the effects of Pulsed Light (PL) processing at different fluences (from 4 to 16 J/ cm2 ) on the structure and functional properties of Whey Protein Isolate (WPI) solution. The determination of the free and total sulfhydryl (SH) groups was used to detect the variation of WPI tertiary and quaternary structure. Additionally, PL-induced changes in secondary structure were determined by FT-IR spectroscopy and the differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and primary structure by carbonyl content. The experimental data demonstrated that PL treatments increased the concentration of total and free sulfhydryl groups and protein carbonyls. A decrease of the denaturation temperature and enthalpy ratio with increasing the intensity of PL treatments was observed in DSC measurements. Small but significant changes in the secondary structure of PL treated WPI solution were also taking place and detected. The extent of whey protein structure modifications was fluence dependent. The results of this investigation demonstrated the potential of PL treatments to induce dissociation and partial unfolding of WPI, thus improving some of their functional properties, such as solubility and foaming ability.
|Titolo:||Effect of pulsed light treatment on structural and functional properties of whey protein isolate|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1.2 Articolo su rivista con ISSN|