Many existing in vitro digestion systems do not accurately represent the peristaltic contractions of the gastrointestinal system; most of the systems that have physiologically-relevant peristaltic contractions have low throughput and can only test one sample at a time. A device has been developed that provides simulated peristaltic contractions for up to 12 digestion modules simultaneously using rollers of varying width to modulate the dynamics of the peristaltic motion. The force applied to a simulated food bolus varied from 2.61 ± 0.03 N to 4.51 ± 0.16 N (p < 0.05) depending on roller width. Video analysis showed that the degree of occlusion of the digestion module varied from 72.1 ± 0.4% to 84.6 ± 1.2% (p < 0.05). A multiphysics, computational fluid dynamics model was created to understand the fluid flow. The fluid flow was also examined experimentally using video analysis of tracer particles. The model-predicted maximum fluid velocity in the peristaltic simulator incorporating the thin rollers was 0.016 m/s, and the corresponding value measured using tracer particles was 0.015 m/s. The occlusion, pressure, and fluid velocity in the new peristaltic simulator fell within physiologically representative ranges. Although no in vitro device perfectly recreates the conditions of the gastrointestinal system, this novel device is a flexible platform for future gastrointestinal research and could allow for high-throughput screening of food materials for health-promoting properties under conditions representative of human gastrointestinal motility.

Development and analysis of a multi-module peristaltic simulator for gastrointestinal research

Bedane T.;Marra F.
Methodology
;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Many existing in vitro digestion systems do not accurately represent the peristaltic contractions of the gastrointestinal system; most of the systems that have physiologically-relevant peristaltic contractions have low throughput and can only test one sample at a time. A device has been developed that provides simulated peristaltic contractions for up to 12 digestion modules simultaneously using rollers of varying width to modulate the dynamics of the peristaltic motion. The force applied to a simulated food bolus varied from 2.61 ± 0.03 N to 4.51 ± 0.16 N (p < 0.05) depending on roller width. Video analysis showed that the degree of occlusion of the digestion module varied from 72.1 ± 0.4% to 84.6 ± 1.2% (p < 0.05). A multiphysics, computational fluid dynamics model was created to understand the fluid flow. The fluid flow was also examined experimentally using video analysis of tracer particles. The model-predicted maximum fluid velocity in the peristaltic simulator incorporating the thin rollers was 0.016 m/s, and the corresponding value measured using tracer particles was 0.015 m/s. The occlusion, pressure, and fluid velocity in the new peristaltic simulator fell within physiologically representative ranges. Although no in vitro device perfectly recreates the conditions of the gastrointestinal system, this novel device is a flexible platform for future gastrointestinal research and could allow for high-throughput screening of food materials for health-promoting properties under conditions representative of human gastrointestinal motility.
2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11386/4855111
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